"linux distributions" Related Articles
This page outlines the Websites containing the Live Linux distributions, emulation software, boot tools, extraction software, and other resources that might be used in our Pendrivelinux tutorials. In addition to these resources, those that have volunteered their work are listed as well. This list is being provided to give credit to these resources!
Linux® is a registered Trademark of Linus Torvalds. The registered trademark Linux® is being used pursuant to a sub-license from LMI, the exclusive licensee of Linus Torvalds, owner of the mark on a world-wide basis. LMI Registration Sublicense number: 20080223-0137
What is Linux?
The Linux Kernel was originally created by Linus Torvalds in 1991 and was derived from Minix, a small Unix Operating System. Released under a GNU General Public License, the Linux Source Code is freely available to anyone. Thanks to the Free availability of the Linux Kernel and the Open Source community of programmers, there are many Linux Operating Systems (Distributions) available today.
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Example Base Linux Distributions and Live CDs
Debian – "The Universal Operating System"
Debian is a registered trademark of Software in the Public Interest Inc.
Slackware – Slackware Linux
Slackware® is a registered trademark of Slackware Linux, Inc.
Mandriva – Formerly known as Mandrake Linux
Debian Live – Official Debian Live CD, Live USB and Make Live Script offerings
Ubuntu – (By Canonical) Gnome Community developed Linux OS based on Debian
Ubuntu is a trademark of Canonical Ltd.
Xubuntu – (By Canonical) XFCE Community developed Linux OS based on Debian
Xubuntu is a trademark of Canonical Ltd.
Kubuntu – (By Canonical) KDE Community developed Linux OS based on Debian
Kubuntu is a trademark of Canonical Ltd.
PCLinuxOS – (By Texstar) Nice clean Live Linux version based on Mandriva
SLAX – (By Tomas Matejicek) Simple Live Linux version based on Slackware
NimbleX – Another Small and Simple Live Linux version based on Slackware
DSL – (By John Andrews) Another super tiny Live Linux OS based on Debian
Knoppix – (By Klaus Knopper) Live version based on Debian that contains many useful tools
Feather Linux – Live Linux Knoppix remaster
Puppy Linux – Live Linux OS written by Barry Kauler
Runt Linux – (By Joel Ebel) Another tiny distro based on Slackware
MCNLive – Remaster or Remix based on Mandriva Linux
gOS – Based on Ubuntu with an Enlightenment Window manager
CrunchBang linux – Based on Ubuntu with an OpenBox Window manager
Linux Mint – Elegant remix based on Ubuntu Linux
Gentoo – Popular distribution named after the Gentoo Penguin
OpenSUSE – The free version of SUSE Linux
Fedora – Another community driven Linux distribution
MEPIS – A Desktop Remix based on Debian/Ubuntu
EasyPeasy -A Netbook Distro Based on Ubuntu
SliTaz – A minimal and very fast Linux Distro that can be run from RAM
RIP Linux – Linux and Windows System Recovery Software
Clonezilla – Free Disk Cloning and Partitioning Software
Eeebuntu – Netbook Distro Based on Ubuntu, optimized for Asus eeePC
xPUD – Minimal Netbook Distro by PENK
Crunchbang – Ubuntu remix with an OpenBox Window Manager
Parted Magic – Free Partitioning Distro
Sugar – Educational Distro for Kids
Fedora – Open Source Linux Distro Based on RedHat
Bootable Software Tools
(USB Booting Tools and Extraction Software)
Universal USB Installer Universal USB Installer
PDL Casper-RW Creator PDL Casper-RW Creator Source Code
*No longer supported – MultiBootISOs
Syslinux – (By H. Peter Anvin) Bootloader that can be used to make a USB drive bootable.
Grub4DOS – © the Gna! people.
7-Zip – Open Source utility that can be used to extract ISO's and unzip files.
NSIS – (Nullsoft Scriptable Install System) Used for some of the Windows based Linux USB Installers.
(Emulation Software Resources)
VirtualBox – Virtual machine emulation software.
coLinux – A port of the Linux Kernel to Windows (allows Linux to run as an application in windows).
QEMU – (By Fabrice Bellard) Virtual machine emulation software.
(Other Free "Not Open Source" but useful Tools)
The Pendrivelinux site was created with the intent to introduce people to Linux by providing methods to run their favorite Linux Distribution(s) and tools from a portable device. By utilizing a portable platform that does not interfere with a users PC, even Windows users who may have otherwise passed on trying Linux, have the opportunity to easily try it before making any commitment.
"As the founder of this site, I dream that a majority of the population might some day carry Linux with them on a portable device. Boasting the ability to walk up to any PC or terminal, run their own operating environment, remove the device when finished, and walk away, while leaving no information behind on the PC or terminal they used."
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After thoroughly testing the tutorials and tools listed using various computer systems, we have yet to encounter any detrimental problems. However, we will not state that system corruption is impossible and because of the possibility of human error, scripting error or otherwise, all of the tutorials and software listed on this site are classified as USE AT YOUR OWN RISK!
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Setting the default root password: Some Live Linux distributions are created without a root password by default (the root account is inactive). This is particularly true with Debian based distributions like Ubuntu. Setting a root password enables us to access some essential tools such as the synaptic installer. In most cases, having no root password is fine when your running from a Live CD and don't need to do administration tasks, make changes or install additional packages. But for those of us who do want to make administrative changes and save them back to a USB device or local storage device on for example a properly created "casper-rw" partition. Setting the root password might then be necessary.